1655: Christ chose to be born and grow up in the bosom of the holy family of Joseph and Mary. The Church is nothing other than “the family of God.” From the beginning, the core of the Church was often constituted by those who had become believers “together with all [their] household.” When they were converted, they desired that “their whole household” should also be saved. These families who became believers were islands of Christian life in an unbelieving world.
1656: In our own time, in a world often alien and even hostile to faith, believing families are of primary importance as centers of living radiant faith. For this reason, the Second Vatican Council, using an ancient expression, calls the family the Ecclesia domestica. It is in the bosom of the family that parents are “by word and example… the first heralds of the Faith with regard to their children. They should encourage them in the vocation which is proper to each child, fostering with special care any religious vocation.”
1657: It is here [in the family] that the father of the family, the mother, the children, and all members of the family exercise the “priesthood of the baptized” in a privileged way “by the reception of the sacraments, by prayer and thanksgiving, by the witness of a holy life, by self-denial, and by active charity.”
Thus the home is the first school of Christian life and “a school for human enrichment.” Here [in the home] one learns endurance and the joy of work, fraternal love, generous–even repeated– forgiveness, and above all, divine worship in prayer and the offering of one’s life.
Catechism of the Catholic Church